July 15: From trauma to victory - EROL GÖKA

July 15: From trauma to victory

Enough room has been opened to evaluate exactly what happened on July 15. We slightly drifted away from the heat of the events.

It's been more obvious that there has been a people's revolution on July 15 that will fundamentally change state-society relations, very deeply affect our destiny and future from now, and we will be discussing this for many years to come. What started the revolution was the coup attempt of the Gülenists that had a severe traumatic effect, particularly in Ankara and Istanbul. In order to understand the July 15 revolution, we should talk about its traumatic dimension. First, let's have a look at the general information on “trauma.”

We all have experienced events in our lives that have negative impacts on us, but most of them are not within the context of “trauma.”

When the terrible life experiences are within the usual limits, we can somehow cope with them. In traumatic events, the skills to cope with don't work at all, they are paralyzed. Trauma leaves the people desperate and generally exceeds the limits of perception. After the traumatic life, people have to review the world they live in, themselves, the other people and their perceptions of the future.

With the trauma, the ordinary course of life is disturbed, the previous recording system of the memory and its content undergoes severe changes, sometimes it is almost deleted, and the individual history almost completely disappears. The targets which are expected to be achieved lose meaning; the future is buried into an uncertainty.

What makes the traumatic event different from the ordinary negative experiences is the existence of the concrete danger against the life of the person or the body integrity and causing a catastrophic reaction.

Besides the events, natural disasters and accidents, war, torture, rape, migration, heavy disease and losing a loved one are among the events which have a trauma effect…

Instead of the natural disasters, the negative effects of the traumas caused by the hands of the people affecting our psychology are much stronger.

Generally, more than half of the people in a society have experienced a traumatic event at least once in their lives.

Eight percent of men who are subjected to a traumatic event and 20 percent of women suffer from a serious psychological disorder called “post-traumatic stress disorder” (PTSD).

PTSD is a table of disorder someone can experience that is difficult to be treated.

In this disease, the individual suffers from a disorder even to remember the trauma while sleeping, the individual doesn't have that chance to continue his life as it used to be in the past.

If the effect of the traumatic event continues in the same way even after a month, they need to consult an expert for treatment.

But even if the PTSD doesn't appear, the damaging effects of a traumatic event on the psychological life of the individual may still exist.

After the trauma, almost everyone feels desperation, inadequacy, inability, weakness and rage.

People do not want to accept the traumatic experience that damages the individual dignity in their personal history; they resist against this.

During this resistance period, living the traumatic event again and again, they want to take it under their own control. This is a long and tiring struggle. The reactions of the social environment of the person against the traumatic event have a determining role on the psychological experiences.

Sharing the traumatic experience with other people is a pre-requisite to feel the world as meaningful.

Society's approving the person's suffering from the trauma and trying to help is very important to wipe the effects of the trauma.

Finalizing the legal efforts of the traumatized person with providing justice is essential to recovering from the traumatic effect.

As the negative, criticizing and hostile attitude of the environment has been increasing the effects of the trauma, if after the event social support is given, the sense of trust is recovered more easily.

When the social environment supports the assailant rather than the oppressed one, or in order to be away from the assailant if the oppressed one has to be away from his social environment, the solution gets more difficult.

Being subject to a trauma as individuals can affect the psychology of the society as well. This is not only restricted with the big traumas affecting the entire society; the function of the society that consisted of the people suffering from the traumas can be damaged to a large extent, an average relationship that tends to violence and fanaticism occurs.

Big traumas that affect the entire society and collective memory, being particularly selected, can take a basic role in the formation of identity.

Our nation on July 15 was not crushed under the trauma, it stood up in a way which was never before seen in modern history and displayed great heroism and solidarity. We had martyrs and veterans. Our executives and society read this legend of this heroism; they knew how to produce a victory story, own the martyrs and veterans, and take steps from resistance to democracy. If today, we don't sense very strongly the trauma we experienced along with many other facts, it is because we managed to highlight the victory.



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