The end of secularism - ERGÜN YILDIRIM

The end of secularism

The way to discussing secularism has been cleared. Because up until today it was like a dogma that needed to be obeyed. Secularism is represented with the seventh arrow on the Republican People's Party (CHP) flag since 1937. Principles like reformism, populism, statism have gone forever. Yet, secularism is strongly defended. Because secularism is the CHP's reason for existence and foundation. The SF, TPF, Democratic Party (DP), National Order Party (MNP) and Welfare Party (RP) were closed down in our political history. The CHP mentality, which represented the regime, shaped every attempt that steered away from its own politics. Lastly, it attempted to pull down the AK Party using secularism. The Bureaucratic oligarchy was intervening in everything around it using secularism. This understanding is based on secularism and Kemalism toppling the religion and state formula and establishing a secular government regime instead. The religion and state formula which Muslim societies have adopted throughout history is important in terms of the relation between state and religion. This is a theory developed by Imam Ghazali. The Seljuks and the Ottomans continued to use this political theory. This theory is based on an understanding that combines religion and the state. The state is presidency, religion is the society and practice. The state is the authority of the political public sphere, religion is the authority of civil public sphere. The state makes legislation based on this. Religion gives fatwas, or makes Islamic rulings. The state has the principle of not acting in adverse to religion.

The religion and state formula describes the state as a technical device. Religion exists is public life. It includes fields of Islamic law (fiqh), inheritance and family. It also functions in fields like Sufism and the dervish lodge, and the individual's daily life. The politics of religion and state allows diversity in daily life. Heterodox does not object to multiple religions in society.

However, when any of these structures tries to request the political field, then it is perceived as an attempt to tamper the religion and state balance, thus this is not allowed. Some of the attempts of the Kadızades and Melamis are examples of this.

The CHP, which has regulated the Republican ideology, eliminated this balance with secularism. The state is now everything. It addresses all societal and religious fields. Firstly all of religion's foundations, symbols and actors were rectified. Madrasahs, dervish lodges, shayks and scholars were banned. Bureaucracy, which was based on a sayfiyya, kalamiyyah and scholar balance for centuries, was secularized, drawing inspiration from France's anti-cleric politics. Secularism destroys the relation between the state and religion, and replaces it with a relation that is a French production. It displays a historical bloody and oppressive attitude. Secularism is never a just agreement that regulates the relation between the state and religion. It is not a social agreement that ensures peace between different religions. This is the absolute domination of the CHP state spirit. This is the case of the political field dominating all civil fields. Moreover, it is an attempt to be discontent and go as far as to totally clear society and culture from religion. We can see the last example for this in the justification used by the Feb. 28 court to close the RP. Secularism is everything here; it is science, culture and politics... It sees the existence of religion in these fields as a threat. And in order to avoid this threat it does not hesitate to oppress and tyrannize at all.

Kemalist modernization is a secularism move. Niyazi Berkes's book “The Development of Secularism in Turkey,” is a sociologic work that reflects this approach perfectly. The two-century-old modernization is described as secularism in this book. He describes this as purification from religion, war on religion and to free oneself from the dark ages of religion. But, Turkey has now gone beyond positivist modernization. The modernism history, described as secularism, has ended. Secularism, which has become a utopia, has been placed instead of religion, and dominated in all fields of life by destroying the religion and state formula, was a product of “extraordinary history.” Secularism ended when this history ended. The end of secularism has come!



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