How will the Resolution Process affect regional development? - ERDAL TANAS KARAGÖL

How will the Resolution Process affect regional development?

Besides the severe political and social cost poured onto Turkey by the Kurdish issue, which had been ongoing for more than 30 years, there was also an economic burden. It’s definite that if the resources, which had been transferred to defense and security during that time-interval, had been used for public expenditure like education, healthcare, transportation or social welfare, then it would’ve increased the communal prosperity.


For years, despite this reality, the rulerships that administered Turkey had chosen a deadlock. After 2002, AK Party, which started the construction of New Turkey with the change and transformation they’ve actualized in many fields, had blatantly shown that, by taking a stand on the side of resolution in the Kurdish issue, they won’t be acting accordingly to the dynamics of the Old Turkey.


With the influence of the strong public support behind them, the moves taken for the resolution of this problem is named “Resolution Process”. The Resolution Process, which had been attempted to be interrupted with the Gezi incidents, the December 17-25 coup attempts and finally with the October 6 -7 incidents, is still advancing despite all this. Then, why did the people, who directly or indirectly attempted to create a political chaos and social conflict environment, choose the Resolution Process as the target point?




For many years, the Eastern and Southeastern Region has been accepted as the center of chaos, conflict and security worry. While it’s representation as an issue from the point of security caused severe damages on the social tissue of the region, this also caused them to have a disadvantaged position in comparison to other regions in an economic sense.


As a result of this understanding, which is dominant in the Eastern and Southeastern Region, the failure in instituting peace and security didn’t only decrease the interest to the region, but also caused the regional people to pull away from the region. Thus, the Resolution Process is a process to re-designate the faith of a geography, whose faith had undergone attempts to be designated by internal and external guardianship focuses.


The fact that the Resolution Process will be contributing to the economic and social qualities of the region with a positive acceleration is also revealing the desire of people, who are objecting to the process, to object to the future of Turkey.


Because, as the Resolution Process had reached a certain phase in the region, where the public investments like education, healthcare and transportation had reached a climax in the past 12 years, a secure environment will be formed for private investments. It’s expected that with the increasing investments in intense-labor sectors like textile, construction and ready ware, the chronic problem of the region; unemployment will be decreased.


The moves that will be taken within the scope of Eastern Anatolia Project (DAP) and Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), which is also being positively affected by the Resolution Process, will be playing an effective role in increasing the development level of many countries. Thus, the commercial relations, which will be developed with many provinces that are sharing borders with the Eastern and Southeastern provinces, will be opening the door to both a regional and municipal transformation.


In the same manner, the fact that these provinces are neighbors to Iran and Iraq, which possess rich energy resources, the region will become a center of energy and logistics. The security and stability of the region, which will be the transition route of energy, is directly related with the Resolution Process’ success in advancing and resulting.


Today, there is one university in every province within the Southeastern and Eastern region. Providing the participation of the youth, who had taken university education, in the economic and social transformation in the region, will be making things easy for the Resolution Process to reach the point it aims. Because, the potential of the region, not in the sense of labor-oriented manpower but also in information production, will be making the region an attraction center in every sense.




The security issue, which is the biggest obstacle for the region to advance in sectors like tourism, agriculture, livestock, energy, border trading and logistics, had also made the integration of the region with the country economy quite hard. Following the Resolution Process, there will be important developments in these sectors.


As the transportation and communication opportunities between the regions, which have no developmental differences, are taken to the top level, the northern-southern, eastern-western regions of Turkey, where the equality in terms of work and living conditions is provided, and Turkey, where the economic activity is not shaped according to the security differences in regions and cities, are corresponding to the New Turkey of 2023.


The success of the Resolution Process, which is advancing with the strong public support rather than all the attempts, will also be affecting the economic dynamics of Turkey. Every implementation, ranging from investments to employment, directed at the resolution of the issue, which had been unsolvable for years, will be showing its effect in many fields, ranging from the regional development to country growth.


Thus, the Resolution Process, which is becoming concreted with the political willpower presented by Turkey in the name of resolving the Kurdish issue, is one of the milestones leading to New Turkey.


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