The referendum expected to take place in the UK on June 23 to decide on whether to leave the European Union or stay is sailing close to the wind. Although many discussions on the ineffectiveness of the EU have been held for the past few years, no one was expecting such a dramatic move. These discussions indicate that European civilization is going through a crisis. French sociologist Edgar Morin and professor in philosophy of science Mauro Ceruti discuss this crisis in their book, “Notre Europe, Décomposition ou métamorphose?” According to the book, Europe is no longer the center of the world, but instead has been pushed to the shores of history. It has become an unimportant ruralized region compared to the great actors of the global age. Political Europe is powerless and fragile in a crisis. The following sentences explain the depth of the crisis:
“The crisis we live today is due to our civilization, its values and beliefs ... There is crisis in social relations. The regression or disappearance in old solidarity relations, has led to self-centeredness, widespread psychological disorders and isolation ... There is a morals crisis. Individualism that causes running after personal success has led to the loss of common interest and the increase in self-centeredness and profit- seeking. There is a future crisis. The future is becoming more and more ambiguous ... Today we have a “today” crisis. The anxieties created by the difficulties of today, the issue of not being able to look at the future with trust and hopelessness push people to look for imaginary roots. The secret capacity of every individual and society to destroy and destroy oneself, increases individuals' loneliness in the anonymous environments we live, and the violence that is released out in the open becomes the everyday expression of rejection … There is an economic crisis. Economy cannot remove the destructive effects of the finance sector based on speculation, and cannot create a globally effective regulation mechanism.”
“Europe has created a civilization that has created more problems than it can solve and has spread this to the world. The solutions we Europeans want to suggest to the world, have started to create problems for ourselves... There is crisis in economic sciences. Economic sciences can neither imagine nor solve things that cannot be calculated. Ambitions, emotions, sorrows, beliefs, poverty, fear and hope which are a part of the creation of man are foreign to him ... There is crisis in development. Development is a crisis created by globalization and Westernization. Development was described with a unilateral technical-economical point of view ... The crises of today require us to change our views about the world. Therefore we need to first develop our capacity to 'see.' Our intellectual view can only see by breaking the world up into pieces.”
Morin and Ceruti's determinations are applicable to countries that are not considered the West but have adopted the paradigms of Western civilizations. They suggest that Europe restructures itself based on the notion of “unity in variety and variety in unity.” This “unity” description is not unknown to us. You will all remember the expression “unity in variety and variety in unity” in Sufism. We too have to re-think Turkey in a more “genuine” manner. Instead of engaging in unnecessary and exhausting discussions, we should engage in more powerful ideas and theses on the Turkey of the future.